Our bias affects every decision we make. Whether we are aware of it or not, our bias will determine who we choose to interview, how we interview them and who we hire. According to Social Talent, there are six attributes that help with our decision-making:
- Our Perception – how we see people and perceive reality.
- Our Attitude – how we react towards certain people.
- Our Behaviours – how receptive/friendly we are towards certain people.
- Our Attention – which aspects of a person we pay most attention to.
- Our Listening Skills – how much we actively listen to what certain people say.
- Our Micro-affirmations – how much or how little we comfort certain people in certain situations.
Bias can manifest in many different ways. We rely on our bias to feel in control and comfortable, so as soon as our bias is challenged, we become defensive. Below we have focused on a few key bias’ that occur within recruitment:
Affinity bias relates to us preferring people like us and disliking people who are not like us. According to Lean In, affinity bias comes from “mental shortcuts used to simplify the world around us”. Put simply, we rely on stereotypes as a way of processing and understanding. Interestingly enough, it has been documented that Men view unconscious bias as the number one barrier women face in their careers.
Gender Bias (preferring candidates who are the gender as you).
According to bultin, a man is 1.5x more likely to be hired than a woman. Shockingly, this stat comes from both men and women. “In today’s society, gender bias is often used to refer to the preferential treatment men receive — specifically white, heterosexual males. It’s often labeled as “sexism” and describes the prejudice against women solely on the basis of their sex. Gender bias is most prominently visible within professional settings.”
Maternal and parental bias (particularly towards women)
Women aged 28 – 35 are typically penalised during the hiring process because they are expected to be thinking about marriage and babies and so are marked down due to the assumption that they won’t prioritize their career. News flash: NOT ALL WOMEN WANT BABIES AND THAT’S OKAY.
It has also been documented that mothers already in a job role are 50% less likely to be promoted as a result of this assumption, and are offered an average of $11,000 less in salary if applying for a new job. In a recent article published in The Riveter, writer Hannah Fairbanks states that “Women lose an average of four per cent of hourly earnings for each child they have. This stems from assumptions by colleagues and superiors that being mothers makes them less able to perform and less dedicated to their position.”
Ageism is a form of discrimination which is usually directed towards older employees. According to a recent article published by Forbes – a key driver for ageism is marginalisation, as it devalues and demoralises an employee in the most insidious way possible. “When an older worker is marginalized, they… are often moved to the side in a position that feels unimportant.” young people are also penalised at times for being too junior and inexperienced.
Other bias’ that arise during the recruitment process are:
The Halo Effect
The Horns Effect
Performance Reward Bias
Resources to share in your teams & discuss further:
Prejudice against Women Leaders: Insights from an Indirect Questioning Approach – Springer
The state of women in corporate America – Lean In
Motherhood Bias: What to Know and How to Fight It – The Riveter
Is blind recruitment the secret to the perfect hire? – People management
What is maternal bias – Lean In
Unconscious bias in recruiting – Youtube
Implicit Bias -how it effects us and how we push through – Melanie Funchess | TEDxFlourCity
How to Outsmart Your Own Unconscious Bias – Valerie Alexander | TEDxPasadena
Eliminating Algorithmic Bias in Hiring and Employment – PEAT
How AI and Behavioural Science can Reduce Bias in Recruiting – Interview with Frida Polli, CEO at pymetrics
A New Way to Combat Bias at Work – Harvard Business Review
Activities to try with your team
- In your next team meeting or all hands. When hiring for your next role, make sure the interview board is not made up of one type of person. Adapt! By creating a more inclusive and diverse hiring team, the potential candidates will feel more at ease and essentially perform better. You will also have a mixture of opinions and questions (hopefully) which will help in finding that perfect candidate.
- Re-framing constructive feedback through the lens of bias. Leave everything you think you know about this person at the door. Actually, just put it in the bin – it’s not helpful. Relying on your affinity bias and automatic stereotyping is detrimental to you, the candidate and the business.
- Think about your last 1:1. What can you do to gain greater compassion and empathy for the other side of the table?